Why Having a Pricing Policy Matters & How You Can Create One

John LeBaron

May 6, 2020

According to a study by CNBC, nine out of ten consumers check the price of a product on Amazon as part of their product research. Consumers are constantly on the hunt for the lowest price they can find online, and while finding that low price may be a win for the consumer’s wallet, prices that are too low can have drastically negative effects on brands who don’t have effective pricing policies in place as part of their ecommerce growth strategy to protect themselves.

Why are pricing policies important?

They prevent price erosion

Price erosion happens when a brand is forced to lower their pricing in order to compete with unauthorized sellers listing products at low prices or sellers violating pricing policies.

Say, for example, that a small retailer lowers the price of a product they’re selling online and big sellers like Walmart or Amazon match that price in order to compete. Eventually, the small retailer may run out of inventory, and Walmart and Amazon will be left to compete with each other, each refusing to budge on price because they’re matching each other and thereby diminishing the price of the product. This is price erosion. See an example of price erosion below.

price policy ecommerce, price erosion, Pattern

Price erosion not only decreases the perceived value of your product, but it cuts into other re-sellers’ margins (many who have lots of overhead costs already, like paid staff, advertising, etc.) and therefore your own profits.

“What happens is if your resellers, the retailers you sell to, aren’t profitable, they’re just going to stop buying your products,” said Newel Cobb, Senior Brand Manager at Pattern.

Ben Craven, Corporate Counsel for Pattern, said that without a good pricing policy in place, resellers in a brand’s supply chain can “price at whatever level they want, and if the manufacturer doesn’t like that, there’s not really anything they can do.”

The best way to stop this, Craven and Cobb said, is having an effective pricing policy to ensure brand control.

“It protects all channels of distribution . . . and keeps brick and mortar retailers happy,” Craven said.

How do you create a pricing policy?

There are a few basic steps and things to consider when you’re beginning to draft an effective pricing policy for your brand.

Consult a lawyer

According to Cobb and Craven, the most important thing you’ll want to do before setting up a policy is to consult with a lawyer who has experience drafting pricing policies in the face of emerging ecommerce trends. This is a critical first step because you want your pricing policy to stay on the right side of antitrust laws, and that requires appropriate language that doesn’t create unfair competition or indicate any kind of collusion between your brand and a reseller.

One way collusion could be indicated is if your pricing policy reads like an agreement or negotiation between two parties instead of an announcement with suggested selling prices, according to Harvard Business Review.

“If a manufacturer is agreeing with its reseller what the MAP price will be, then that could look like price fixing,” Craven said.

Consulting with a legal expert can help you draft a comprehensive and unilateral pricing policy that includes clear guidance on what your brand permits or does not permit (such as free shipping, product bundling, etc.), who it applies to, what products it covers, and the consequences for resellers who violate your policy, all presented in such a way that your brand doesn’t run afoul of antitrust laws.

Set up a MAP policy

A MAP (Minimum Advertising Pricing) policy is a pricing policy set by a manufacturer that tells resellers and brands the lowest cost they can advertise or print for that manufacturer’s products. According to Cobb, brands creating a pricing policy should create a MAP policy to ensure their ecommerce growth.

MAP policies don’t limit the price at which products can be sold, but they do allow any retailer to have a fair chance at selling a manufacturer’s product in the market. When effectively enforced across the entire market, MAP prevents authorized ecommerce re-sellers from undercutting other sellers with unauthorized markdowns.

Aside from incorporating recommendations made by a legal counsel, there are a few things Cobb said MAP policies should do. One is to retain competitive pricing.

“You can lower MAP, you can raise MAP, etcetera, but if all of your competitors are selling their product at a significantly lower price, it doesn’t matter that your MAP is much higher. No customers are going to end up purchasing it to begin with,” Cobb said.

Brands may conduct analysis on similar products across the market to figure out what MAP pricing makes the most sense for them.

Another thing Cobb said MAP policies should include is specific guidance on warranties.

“If you have some kind of warranty, make it very clear that the warranty only exists with MAP,” Cobb said. “Somebody might buy a product and they might decide to sell it below MAP, but when they’re breaking MAP, they’re essentially going off-brand, which means they’re not an authorized reseller anymore, and if they’re not an authorized reseller anymore, any warranty that you would have had is no longer valid.”

Once your MAP policy has been created, it’s important to inform your resellers so they’re aware.

One thing to note is MAP pricing laws are only recognized in the U.S. and Canada, said Craven. MAP policies are still viewed as price fixing in the European Union, even if they’re unilateral.

Consult the data

One thing Craven says is beneficial for brands creating a pricing policy is knowing where their prices are being degraded, whether that’s Amazon, eBay, or elsewhere.

Pattern’s multi-channel ecommerce software Predict can provide that data to brand partners so they know exactly where the issues are at and who the culprits are.

ecommerce pricing software | Pattern

Make consequences clear and unilateral

According to Craven, brands should be “explicit” about what their MAP pricing is and that they have the right to terminate their relationships with resellers if MAP pricing is violated and decreasing brand control. The consequences of violations should be made clear to resellers and serious enough that they want to avoid violation.

It’s also important to enforce your pricing policy equally across all channels for all vendors, even if one of those vendors (like Amazon) is pulling in a majority of your sales. Differential treatment can not only violate antitrust laws but accelerate price erosion, making the cost of not enforcing your policy consistently far greater than the cost of cutting off a reseller.

“If you’re not willing to cut somebody off as a reseller, you have no power whatsoever. If they call your bluff and you say no, you’ve essentially just destroyed your MAP policy,” Cobb said.

One way brands might enforce their MAP policies is by setting up a non-appealable strike system that ends in termination for sellers who repeatedly violate pricing policies. This way resellers are given notice that continuing their behavior will lead to termination.

Be proactive in enforcement

“Once you have a pricing policy in place, it’s not enough to just have a policy in place. You have to be proactive in monitoring marketplaces to know where your issues are and then be active in enforcing your pricing policy,” Craven said.

According to a study conducted by the Harvard Business Review, unauthorized resellers violated policies about half the time and authorized resellers had a 20% violation rate. Without diligent attention to your resellers, violations can happen right under your nose, rendering your MAP policy useless.

Brands should carefully watch sellers so they can maintain the integrity of their brand and so their pricing policies can be as effective as possible.

What now?

Pattern provides brands with the tools to empower them to create and take control of their brand. We also connect you with valuable partners that can give you the resources you need to know where price erosion is happening.

For more information about how you can create your own pricing policy, contact Pattern below.

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Sept 20, 2022

Global Ecommerce Weekly News: 20th September 2022

Get up to date with this week's ecommerce headlines from around the globe. --- Amazon News --- Amazon to raise pay and add extra work benefits for delivery drivers Following the rise in fuel prices and protests by Amazon workers, the ecommerce giant is raising its delivery drivers’ pay and adding more work benefits. Amazon has mentioned that it will be investing $450 million into rate increases along with an education program and a Delivery Service Partners program. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/14/amazon-to-raise-delivery-drivers-pay-and-add-more-work-benefits/) Amazon announces it will give away shipping software to merchants at no cost Amazon has recently announced that it will be giving ecommerce merchants free software to manage shopper orders on and off its platform as it extends its reach. The ecommerce giant will be ending monthly costs for sellers using Veeqo, a shipping software it recently acquired and instead offer to them a new, free shipping software. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/16/amazon-to-give-away-shipping-software-to-merchants/) --- Other Marketplace News --- Walmart unveils new virtual fitting rooms In an effort to drive clothing sales, Walmart has launched virtual fitting rooms while competitors reduce spending amid the cost of living crisis. The virtual try-on tool can be used by Walmart customers to virtually measure the clothing items and see how the products would look on them. Shoppers will now be able to see how over 270,000 clothing items on Walmart’s ecommerce site would look on their bodies. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/15/walmart-launches-virtual-fitting-rooms-to-drive-clothing-sales/?utmsource=Retail+Gazette+Subscribers&utmcampaign=2da7f0f8f8-EMAILCAMPAIGN202209150742&utmmedium=email&utmterm=0d23e2768b6-2da7f0f8f8-61040615) THG slashes sales and profit expectations The Hut Group has slashed its forecasts for 2022 as rising interest rates, inflation and energy costs take a toll on consumers. Previously, THG estimated its sales growth to be between 22-25% but after a recent evaluation, has lowered this prediction to between 10-15%. Initial predictions did not take into account the negative effects of ceasing sales in Russia and Ukraine along with the impact that the cost-of-living has had on consumer spending. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/15/thg-slashes-forecast-as-cost-of-living-crisis-hits-consumers-wallets/) --- Other Ecommerce News --- DHL and Post Office team up to provide click and collect services Through a partnership between delivery company, DHL and Post Office, a new click and collect service is to be tested at Post Offices before rolling out to over 1000 branches across the UK. Online shoppers will now have the option of choosing their local Post Office as a collection point, and DHL will fulfil the delivery aspect, opening up networks for both parties. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/14/post-office-partners-with-dhl-express-to-provide-click-and-collect-services/) US consumer watchdog plans to further regulate the BNPL sector The US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has raised concerns regarding the collection of consumer data and the fast-growing nature of the BNPL sector, which includes companies such as Affirm and Klarna. The CFPB is worried that these companies could be negatively impacting consumers’ financial health and aims to put better regulations in place to ensure consumers are safe and empowered. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/16/us-consumer-watchdog-to-start-regulating-bnpl-sector/) Japanese ecommerce market estimated to grow by 6.9% in 2022 The ecommerce market in Japan, largely dominated by domestic online retailers including Reakuten and Mercari, is set to reach $194.3 billion USD in 2022, after seeing an annual compound growth rate of 5.2% between 2018 and 2021. This makes Japan the fourth leading ecommerce market globally, following China, the US, and the UK. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/13/japan-ecommerce-market-to-grow-by-6-9-in-2022/) Ecommerce brands are spending more on TikTok ads TikTok may soon be surpassing Facebook and Google as the most lucrative advertising channel, with ecommerce brands spending 60% more on TikTok ads in Q2. Facebook is still ahead as the top choice for ecommerce advertisers but only grew by 5.6% from Q1, while Google grew 20.5% in Q2, and Snap declined 10.8% in Q2. [Read more on SearchEngineLand](https://searchengineland.com/ecommerce-brands-spent-60-more-on-tiktok-ads-in-q2-387876)
Sept 20, 2022

4 Ecommerce Consultant Must-Haves

Entering the ecommerce landscape is a huge undertaking for any brand—it usually requires a large investment in resources and expertise to really be successful. Any brand can quickly get in over their heads trying to navigate the nuances of SEO, fulfillment and logistics, distribution control, listing optimization, and meeting the numerous other requirements and administrative tasks to show up well on marketplaces. 

Unfortunately, because it’s so easy for third party, gray market, and unauthorized sellers to obtain and sell products online, many brands find themselves pressured to execute an ecommerce plan without the right resources to succeed on marketplaces and their other channels.

So, for brands looking to enter the ecommerce space or improve their current and future performance, it makes sense to partner with an ecommerce consultant.

Pattern’s global presence and proven success with hundreds of brands has allowed us to develop highly effective ecommerce consulting services. We can guide your brand to navigate issues both large and small in marketplaces worldwide. To maximize your ecommerce efforts, you’ll need to understand what an ecommerce consultant does and how to select one who drives the right value for your brand and products. 

What is an Ecommerce Consultant?

An ecommerce consultant is a specialist in the ecommerce space who can give you personalized guidance on how to market your products and grow their presence on digital marketplaces.

An ecommerce consultant should be able to analyze your brand, audience, category, opportunity, and current roadblocks and help you understand how to utilize your resources (or what resources are missing) to be most effective in capturing your opportunities in the ecommerce space.

Not sure how to evaluate a consultant? Here are 4 key attributes to look for as you make your choice.

1. Brand Obsession/Specialization/Passion

At Pattern, we prioritize brand obsession for a reason—we know that a brand-centered mindset makes a crucial difference in the outcomes and results our partners achieve. So in our experience, when you begin your search for an ecommerce consultant, it’s important to look for a partner who is specialized in ecommerce, invested in the product, and passionate about helping brands build and improve their strategies. Typically, this means finding someone that consults exclusively for ecommerce marketplaces, rather than choosing a consultant who offers many different services. 

2. Proven Results

It’s also important to avoid choosing a consulting partner who can’t deliver the right experience for your brand. The best indication of whether your potential consultant can do that is to review their history, data, and results with other brands. Ask if they’ve helped others in your selling category, if they’ve solved specific issues your brand is facing, and why they feel you are a good fit. The key is to leave the conversation feeling confident that you understand your consultants’ capabilities and whether or not they match up with your needs.

3. Wide Range of Marketplace Expertise

It’s best to pick a consultant who knows how to guide a brand onto and through multiple marketplaces worldwide. You’ll want to take a look at your long-term strategy and think about the regions and platforms you’re currently on and where you might want to take your brand in the future. If your consultant is truly great at what they do, they’ll be able to help you perform well enough with your current product roadmap that it’ll be a no-brainer to expand your presence at the right time.

4. Network of Resources

The most effective partnership with an ecommerce consultant will be able to give you both recommendations and point you to solutions for making those changes in your planning, processes, and execution. Your time and money is valuable, so you want to make sure that you’re spending it as efficiently as possible as you follow your consultant’s advice. So, before you commit to an ecommerce consultant, ask about the resources and concrete solutions they typically recommend to the brands they work with.

Achieve Your Ecommerce Goals With Pattern

Finding an ecommerce consultant that checks the boxes can be a difficult task. At Pattern, our entire focus and drive centers around giving brands the tools and resources they need to succeed on domestic and international ecommerce marketplaces. 

With over 100 global ecommerce consultants across 10 global offices, we have the right tools to partner with brands across the world to achieve better ecommerce success. We give specialized advice, then make sure our partners have all the adequate SEO, social media, CRM, Amazon multi-channel fulfillment services, and ecommerce outsourcing services they need.

Interested in ecommerce consulting services? Set up a call here to learn what Pattern can do for your brand on global marketplaces.

Sept 15, 2022

The 3 Tmall Metrics That Every Brand Needs to Know

If you’re interested in expanding your brand internationally, you’re probably familiar with Tmall. Tmall is Asia-Pacific’s (APAC) largest marketplace, and indisputably the biggest ecommerce powerhouse in the world. It represents a huge opportunity for many brands, but entering the space is also a big challenge to take on.

At Pattern, we recommend brands looking to enter international markets should first focus on dialing in their domestic presence. Once you’re satisfied that your brand is well-represented and optimized locally, you’re ready to think about tackling new regions, like APAC, and launching on marketplaces like Tmall. Our top advice for entering Tmall is to understand and strategize around its three most important metrics: service, delivery, and content.

What is Tmall’s Detailed Seller Rating (DSR)?

Service, delivery, and content ratings are the three elements that make up Tmall’s Detailed Seller Rating (DSR) score. Each component is scored on a scale of 1-5 that is displayed publicly on your brand’s Tmall flagship store page. This is meant to help consumers decide whether or not to purchase your products.

Why DSR Determines Success on Tmall

DSR scores are important because they’re highly influential in driving conversions—customers see DSRs as a way to quickly understand if a brand is trustworthy and worth buying from. They also matter quite a bit to Tmall itself—they monitor these scores and will take action to close flagship stores with low scores.

Let’s go over each element of the DSR score and some steps you’ll need to take to achieve high ratings.

DSR Score Elements

1. Service

Service is a huge ecommerce component in APAC marketplaces. In most other regions, product listings are static, and consumers use content and reviews to make a decision about what to purchase. On Tmall, consumers want to interact with your brand and test its validity before buying—each transaction takes at least one human interaction to convert.

So, to get a great service rating, you’ll need to have a large, established customer service team dedicated to Tmall sales that can offer real, human touchpoints and very fast response times. To get an idea of the speed your agents should be capable of producing, in our Tmall benchmarking exercise, 92.5% of brands’ customer service agents replied to queries via live chat within 30 seconds, 5% replied within one minute and the remaining 2.5% of brands took longer than a minute. So, look for a Trade Partner (TP) that has enough resources to compete with those numbers, support your sales, and maintain a good DSR score.

2. Delivery

Another thing you’ll really want to focus on is a high-quality delivery experience for consumers. As in other regions around the world, Tmall consumers have high expectations for their delivery experience. In our Chinese consumer polling report that targeted consumers buying from Tmall Global, we found that 6% expected same-day delivery, 15% expected next-day delivery, and 46% expected 2-5 day delivery.They want to receive their products fast and they want the products to be undamaged and pristine upon arrival.

So, to achieve a high score for your delivery capabilities, we highly recommend partnering with a TP or ecommerce accelerator like Pattern (which serves as a TP) who has the ability to facilitate your distribution. Make sure your TP has the right infrastructure in place to support high-quality logistics experiences for all of your consumers—they should have an established, well-oiled delivery process in place and the capability to fluidly add you to their current fulfillment system.

3. Content

As in every digital marketplace, content is a huge component of the decision-making process for consumers on Tmall—they can’t touch your product with their hands or see it in person before buying, so it’s important they’re empowered to make a good decision on whether or not to purchase based on the videos, images, and copy.

The goal is to make all of the content and relevant information on your flagship site easily-accessible—consumers should be able to visit your page and make a decision about whether or not to buy without navigating to a new site/page and taking their conversions with them. Images with text and extensive product details are a great way to do this, as well as making sure your service team can speak to all aspects of your product with any consumers (via text or chat).

Expand Internationally With Pattern

As the world’s foremost brand partner for ecommerce acceleration, Pattern truly understands the significance of international expansion. With regional offices around the world, Pattern knows how to successfully launch and grow brands on Tmall and other marketplaces, with the data, insights, and marketplace intelligence to build the metrics that matter. 

It’s important to have a fantastic brand presence, a knowledgeable guide, and a clear go-forward strategy for your best chance at success. With our in-country resources, expert teams, and extensive experience in growing brands around the globe, Pattern can help you get there.

Set up a call to get your international expansion strategy in motion.