Ecommerce Selling Models: Advantages & Risks in an Exclusive Seller Relationship

John LeBaron

October 7, 2020

So you’ve got a product, and you’re trying to sell it on Amazon. You might be wondering, “How many sellers should I have?” Is more truly merrier? Or is being exclusive the better option?

The truth is that bigger isn’t always better in ecommerce. The more sellers you have, the harder it gets to control your brand online. This can lead to price erosion and create other nasty situations that eat into your brand’s profitability and ultimately its growth.

So what about a more exclusive relationship? When successful, an exclusive seller relationship on Amazon and other marketplaces can put all of the cards in your corner, give you maximum control of your brand, and help you offer a stellar customer experience that’s harder to maintain with a bigger pool of sellers. While having an exclusive Amazon seller isn’t for every brand, it may be a great fit for yours.

The most common ecommerce selling models

Before we dive into the advantages and risks of an exclusive seller relationship, it’s helpful to look at the other ecommerce selling models that are available to brands to get a sense of how an exclusive seller compares.

There are seven common ecommerce operating models that brands can look at when deciding their online strategy:

  1. 3P Unmanaged: This is the most chaotic of the models. In a 3P Unmanaged scenario, there’s no active management of your brand, which means you have no control on pricing, inventory, or content.
  2. 1P: This model is when you sell your product directly through a retailer. It gives you listing control, merchandising, and up-front POs but also limits your inventory and gives you no pricing control. It can also be expensive.
  3. 2P: 2P is the Fulfilled by Amazon (FBA) model. You don’t have to negotiate with Amazon with FBA (a big plus) and it requires limited investments, but it also gives you no control on pricing, inventory, listings, or advertising.
  4. 3P: In this model, you are the retailer. You own and ship your products without going through Amazon’s fulfillment centers. In the 3P model, you have a potential for higher margins and better control on inventory, listings, advertising, and merch, but you have limited capabilities and it takes a larger chunk of investment.
  5. Hybrid: This model leverages the 1P and 3P strategies. You have inventory control, lower risks, and better negotiating power, but you also have to navigate Amazon’s buyers and maintain compliance with their policies.
  6. 3P Network: This is the “more the merrier” model we talked about earlier where you work with a network of authorized sellers. A 3P Network gives you pricing control, inventory control, and diversified risk, but it also gives you less control and can eat into your margins.
  7. 3P Partner: When we talk about having an exclusive ecommerce seller, this is what we mean. In the 3P Partner model, you work with one partner to sell your product. We’ll dive into the pros and cons of the 3P Partner model below.

Breaking Down the 7 Common Ecommerce Operating Models on Marketplaces | Pattern

Advantages of a 3P Partnership

There are many notable benefits that come from working with an exclusive Amazon seller rather than the other selling models we reviewed previously.

Simplicity

Instead of dealing with ten different sellers or a big master distributor that sells to these sellers, working with one seller makes directing your strategy much more streamlined.

Concentrated expertise and investments

Working with one partner eliminates the chaos of working with many partners with varying degrees of proficiency in different marketplaces. The right 3P partner is very motivated and well-equipped with the tools to improve the performance of your products and help your brand succeed. They’ll provide focused attention on investments for content, SEO, and customer service.

Buy Box and ad spend consistency

You are guaranteed Buy Box ownership with an exclusive Amazon seller. Pretty exciting, right? In addition to giving you the Buy Box, having a single seller allows you to maintain consistency in your ad performance and ad spend because there aren’t multiple sellers with different advertising strategies vying to win the Buy Box and causing Buy Box suppression.

Price integrity

The risk of price erosion goes up when you’re working with multiple sellers because partners are more incentivized to get ahead of the competition (read more on our eBook about the Profitability Death Spiral). With a 3P partner relationship, competition goes away. You’re able to maintain price integrity and create price sustainability across all distribution channels.

More seller accountability

An exclusive Amazon seller who abides by your policies makes your life significantly easier, because you don’t need to play whack-a-mole to hunt down sellers breaking the rules. Enforcement and accountability are far more linear. Not to mention, this model is available across more marketplaces for brands who have a global presence.

Common Ecommerce Selling Models Available on Marketplaces | Pattern

Risks of a 3P Partnership

Although there are myriad benefits to having an exclusive Amazon seller, there are some risks you should be aware of if you’re considering this model for your brand.

All of your eggs are in one basket

This is the clearest risk of distributing your product through an exclusive Amazon seller. If something happens to that seller, maybe they go out of business or they mess up on their warehouse orders or get shut down by Amazon, that can leave your brand very exposed and even cut off your distribution completely.

Channel stuffing is limited

Some brands do really well by stuffing the channel with lots of inventory, even if it’s unsold inventory (channel stuffing allows distributors to temporarily increase their sales figures and profit measures). By working with a 3P partner, your ability to channel stuff is limited, because the relationship between what you sell to your exclusive seller and what they end up selling to the end customer is very linear.

Your partner has more leverage

By choosing one seller, you’re creating an interdependent relationship where your partner has more leverage. If they decide they aren’t going to sell your product, you’re left scrambling because you don’t have redundancy built into your partnership.

In a 3P relationship, a seller can tell you they need an additional two points of margin to make their business work. You either need to acquiesce to their demands or find a new partner and start over. This can make 3P relationships daunting.

Do the advantages outweigh the risks?

While there are some risks, having an exclusive Amazon seller ultimately gives your brand greater growth and more control (see our case study with Thorne). Brands who have chosen a 3P partnership have streamlined their sales process and seen big successes as a result (browse Pattern success stories here). The key is choosing the right partner.

Profitable Growth and Brand Control Ecommerce Selling Model Spectrum for Exclusive 3P Partner | Pattern

This is where Pattern can help.

Pattern is an exclusive Amazon seller that uses data and technology to help brands optimize their performance on the marketplace. We help your brand thrive in every possible category, including SEO, advertising, product photography, customer service, returns, shipping, and more, at no additional cost.

We operate as an exclusive Amazon seller so that we can provide personalized attention and the best outcomes for your brand. We don’t charge our brand partners anything for our services so that our incentives are exactly aligned with theirs—selling more on marketplaces and growing profitable revenue.

If you’re interested in learning more about having an exclusive Amazon seller, other ecommerce models that may work for your brand, or a partnership with Pattern, contact us in the form below.

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Sept 6, 2022

Global Ecommerce Weekly News: 6th September 2022

Get up to date with this week's ecommerce headlines from around the globe. --- Amazon News --- Amazon announces new inventory and distribution service, AWD Amazon has launched Amazon Warehousing and Distribution (AWD), providing inventory and distribution services to its sellers as a means of addressing current supply chain issues. AWD is now available for sellers using Fulfilment by Amazon (FBA), i.e. outsourcing their fulfilment to the platform. Amazon has plans to expand the service outside the platform in 2023. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/02/amazon-introduces-new-service-to-help-solve-supply-chain-challenges/) Amazon Web Services (AWS) launches in the UAE AWS, Amazon’s cloud-computing platform offering, has launched its second region in the Middle East and now provides its services in the UAE. The move will now allow anyone in the UAE who utilises cloud technologies to harness AWS’s advanced platforms and APIs. An estimated $11 billion USD is expected to be added to the UAE’s GDP thanks to the implementation, with an average of 6,000 external vendor jobs to be created annually. AWS is now available in 87 zones across 27 regions, with sights set on expanding further across Australia, Canada, India, Israel, New Zealand, Spain, and Switzerland. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/08/30/amazon-web-services-launches-region-in-uae/) --- Other Marketplace News --- Lazada to launch in Europe Alibaba-owned ecommerce platform Lazada is set to launch in Europe, marking a refreshed internationalisation push from the company. The move follows toughening economic conditions and performance in Southeast Asia, advancing the need to tap overseas markets. In Europe, Lazada will face tough competition from giants like Amazon and Zalando. Lazada’s exact entry strategy is to be confirmed and will be reliant on macroeconomic and market conditions, according to Lazada CEO James Dong. [Read more on DigitalCommerce360](https://www.digitalcommerce360.com/2022/09/01/alibabas-lazada-to-take-on-amazon-zalando-in-europe-push/) Chinese ecommerce giant Pinduoduo to launch cross-border platform in the United States Pinduoduo, a Chinese ecommerce giant rivalling Alibaba and JD, has announced it will be launching a new cross-border ecommerce platform. The marketplace is set to launch in the United States next month, as part of the company’s larger push into new markets. Pinduoduo found success in China thanks to its rock-bottom price offerings and harnessing of social commerce marketing, emulating strategies similar to fast-fashion giant Shein. [Read more on Yahoo Finance](https://uk.finance.yahoo.com/news/pinduoduo-launch-international-e-commerce-034129263.html) Alibaba launches its biggest B2B sales event, ‘Super September’ China ecommerce giant, Alibaba, has now launched its month-long B2B sales event ‘Super September’. The event provides 40 million buyers and 200,000 suppliers with the ability to connect on the platform, showcasing a ‘virtually unlimited’ number of products. The event hopes to foster new cross-border business relationships to tackle supply chain challenges currently faced by businesses. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/01/alibaba-launches-super-september-b2b-sales-event/) --- Other Ecommerce News --- Klarna’s losses quadruple in first half of 2022 BNPL provider, Klarna, has reported losses of $581 million USD for the first half of 2022. This figure is almost four times larger than a year earlier, where $129 million USD in losses were reported. The company attributes the losses to employee costs, technology investments, and rising credit losses. Klarna’s figure reporting comes amidst worsening economic conditions, fresh legal and regulatory scrutiny, and pressure from Big Tech competitors. [Read more on The Financial Times](https://www.ft.com/content/483451db-9221-4ca4-83a6-b4ddc6bfcfbb) [Read more on the Guardian](https://www.theguardian.com/business/2022/aug/31/klarna-losses-more-than-triple-as-consumer-spending-slows) One fifth of Snap employees to be laid off amidst poor financial performance Social media platform Snap (‘Snapchat’) has announced it will be laying off 20% of its employees and closing out a number of projects following a year of poor financial results.The move will see 1,200 employees globally lose their jobs, saving the company an estimated $500 million USD in costs. Snap is currently valued at $20 billion, an 84% decrease from its valuation of $130 billion last year. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/09/01/snap-to-lay-off-20-of-its-workforce-and-wind-down-a-number-of-projects/)
Aug 30, 2022

Global Ecommerce Weekly News: 30th August 2022

Get up to date with this week's ecommerce headlines from around the globe. --- Amazon News --- Amazon set to shut down Amazon Care Amazon is closing its telehealth service, Amazon Care, which launched in 2019 as a trial program for its headquartered employees. Later the service was rolled out nationwide for employees and other companies. The ecommerce giant has now made the decision to move away from the healthcare space, believing it was not the right long-term solution for its enterprise customers. [Read more on CNBC](https://www.cnbc.com/2022/08/24/amazon-is-shutting-down-amazon-care-telehealth-service.html) Peloton closes new deal to sell on Amazon Following a recent deal, Amazon customers will soon be able to buy Peloton fitness equipment on the marketplace, marking Peleton’s first move outside a direct-to-consumer model. According to Peloton’s CCO, there are already around half a million searches on Amazon for Peloton products every month, despite having no presence on the marketplace. Some key products include the original Peloton Bike, retailing for $1,445 and Peloton Guide for $295. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/08/24/peloton-strikes-deal-to-sell-fitness-equipment-on-amazon/) --- Other Marketplace News --- 60% of Malaysians are buying from local sellers on Shopee A recent survey of nearly 3,500 respondents found that nearly half of the shoppers prefer to purchase from local sellers due to shorter delivery times. Other shoppers decide to shop locally due to the quality of the products made in Malaysia and an interest in keeping the economy running. As a result, smaller local merchants have been able to grow their businesses, and shoppers benefit from shorter delivery times, products of high quality and supporting local businesses. [Read more on The Malaysian Reserve](https://themalaysianreserve.com/2022/08/25/around-60-malaysians-are-buying-from-local-sellers-on-shopee/) Flipkart’s social commerce platform Shopsy crosses 100 million users Flipkart launched a social commerce arm, Shopsy, in July of last year, which has now surpassed 100 million users, ahead of its target timeline being the end of 2022. This acquisition of new users has made Shopsy one of the largest platforms of its kind in the country, and is expected to onboard a further 100 million by the end of 2023. The platform is centred around boosting local entrepreneurship and powering ecommerce for consumers across tier 2+ regions where users face challenges around trust and navigation when shopping online. [Read more on Business Standard](https://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/flipkart-s-social-commerce-platform-shopsy-hits-100-million-users-1220828006851.html) Meta joins Amazon and Walmart in bid for Indian ecommerce market Amazon mentioned earlier in the year that it would be building a logistics division in-house through its purchase of a 51% stake in Ecom Express, an end-to-end logistics firm, to make ecommerce deliveries more efficient in the country. Walmart operates Flipkart in India and is set to continue its investment in the marketplace. In an effort to compete in the Indian ecommerce market, Meta has partnered with Indian ecommerce company, JioMart, to offer customers a grocery shopping platform within its WhatsApp chat feature. [Read more on Pymnts](https://www.pymnts.com/news/retail/2022/meta-joins-amazon-walmart-indian-ecommerce-market/) --- Other Ecommerce News --- Ecommerce in Spain worth €57.7 billion in 2021 Spanish ecommerce saw 11.7% growth compared to last year, largely attributed to cross-border sales. In the final quarter of 2021, ecommerce sales in Spain were at €16.9 billion euros, at least 60% of which came from cross-border sales. Transactions from foreign locations to Spain generated a turnover of €1.56 billion in Q4, a growth of 27.7% compared to Q4 a year before. [Read more on Ecommerce News](https://ecommercenews.eu/ecommerce-in-spain-was-worth-e57-7-billion-in-2021/)
Aug 23, 2022

Global Ecommerce Weekly News: 23rd August 2022

Get up to date with this week's ecommerce headlines from around the globe. --- Amazon News --- Amazon to add mental health support to primary-care service Amazon is set to move into mental health therapy with its primary-care division, following its recent acquisition deal of One Medical. The plan is to partner with virtual behavioural therapy service, Ginger, to offer its Amazon Care users with on-demand access to mental health services, licensed therapists and psychiatrists. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/08/11/amazon-plans-to-add-mental-health-support-to-primary-care-service/) GMB union calls for £15 an hour minimum pay at UK Amazon warehouses Amazon recently offered its warehouse workers a 3% pay rise, which in comparison to the June inflation rate of 9.4% left employees disappointed. Following this, hundreds of Amazon warehouse workers stopped work last week, protesting against the minimal pay increase, seeking a minimum of £15 an hour. Recent protests consisting of employee walkouts and sit-ins aim to get a better offer out of Amazon. [Read more on The Guardian](https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2022/aug/09/gmb-calls-for-15-an-hour-minimum-pay-at-amazon-warehouses-in-uk) Amazon third-party sellers have received their first-ever holiday fee hike Amazon’s third-party marketplaces account for close to half of the company’s online sales. The company introduced a 5% fuel and inflation charge to its third-party sellers earlier this year, and has now implemented another inflation increase charge. Commencing 14 October, any seller who uses Amazon’s fulfilment service is subject to the price hike, which is set to be an additional 35 cents per item for products sold in the US and Canada. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/08/17/amazon-third-party-sellers-have-received-their-first-ever-holiday-fee-hike/) Amazon puts a pause on UK grocery shop roll-out as the cost of living increases Amazon has slowed down on its UK roll-out of till-free Amazon Fresh grocery stores following disappointing sales and the rise in cost of living. Allegedly, the company is no longer looking for potential sites to expand and if more stores are opened, they will likely no longer use a till-free system, as consumers become more cautious about spending. [Read more on The Telegraph](https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2022/08/21/amazon-pauses-uk-grocery-shop-roll-out-following-disappointing/) --- Other Marketplace News --- Shopee overtakes Alibaba across international markets Shopee has surpassed Alibaba and taken the top spot for sales outside of China. Singapore-based marketplace saw a year-on-year increase of 51.4% at the end of Q2 of this year, while Alibaba saw a 3% drop during the same time period. This can be seen as a promising development for start-ups and their ability to compete with some of the largest ecommerce giants in the market. [Read more on Exchange Wire](https://www.exchangewire.com/blog/2022/08/18/shopee-surpasses-alibaba-in-international-sales-amazon-searches-for-entertainment-exec/) H&M reopens its official store to Alibaba’s Tmall ecommerce platform It has been nearly 18 months since Alibaba removed H&M from its Tmall platform, following H&M’s criticism of human rights abuses in Xinjiang. It is estimated that over a million people, predominantly minorities in the area, have been unlawfully detained in camps across the city. Brands including Nike, Adidas, Burberry and Converse were swept up in the controversy, however H&M was one of the first to be targeted for speaking out about the issue. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/08/16/hm-returns-to-alibabas-tmall-platform-16-months-after-xinjiang-controversy/) Klarna launches new feature allowing UK consumers to view full online order history Buy-now-pay-later company, Klarna, has launched a new feature on its shopping app, which allows UK consumers to view their full online order history, regardless of whether they purchased the product using Klarna. The feature also shows delivery tracking and aids consumers in managing their online purchases more conveniently. [Read more on The Industry](https://www.theindustry.fashion/klarna-launches-new-feature-allowing-uk-consumers-to-view-full-online-order-history/) --- Other Ecommerce News --- Online marketplaces responsible for £280 billion business turnover in the UK Nearly 900,000 UK businesses are currently selling on online marketplaces, generating an estimated £282 billion worth of sales each year. This figure represents 6% of the UK’s annual business turnover, highlighting the notable contribution that marketplaces make to the UK economy, along with the potential for further growth in this area. [Read more on Charged Retail](https://www.chargedretail.co.uk/2022/08/09/online-marketplaces-responsible-for-280-billion-business-turnover-in-uk/)